Understanding the early development
The importance of the first years experiences in a child’s life among the first in its work, especially the traumatic ones, has been yet identified by Sigmund Freud, Joseph Breuer, Pierre Janet, but as even then as for a long time after the society hasn’t been yet prepared to accept the fact how the early trauma (especially sexual abuse) represents the most common cause of psychological problems for women, in those days so called hysteria.
Dr. Jean Piaget has opened the door for understanding a child’s development, especially the cognitive one. The importance of emotional experiences with the caretakers in the first years of a child’s life has been recognized yet at the time by Dr. Otto Rank, who founded a concept of the objective relations, while Dr. Melanie Klein, Dr. R. Fairbairn continued to develop this important concept. Dr. Konrad Lorenz has recognized the instinctive urge for emotional bonding by animals with their caretakers, while Harry Harlow, Phd with his historically important experiments has reviled the consequences of the missing motherly presence as for the children as even for the young monkeys. His associate, Dr. James W. Prescott has continued their work by developing the concept of violent roots in humans.
The Attachment Theory by Dr. John Bowlby in the mid ’50-es finally sets a coherent theoretical base for perceiving and understanding the importance of a child’s quality relations with the caretakers (primarily the mother) for its lifelong behavior. The work of Donald Winnicott thoroughly identifies the natural mother-infant bond, Dr. Marie Ainsworth who developed Strange situation experiment in order to recognize the type of attachment, as even the work of predecessors like Dr. Margaret Mahler who founded the concept of symbiotic and separation developmental phases, Dr. Daniel Stern who recognizes the fusion of psychoanalysis with the new formational models in understanding of the early development, while P. Fonagy and others have started to develop a true picture of a person and the conditions for one complete formation in the early developmental period.
Dr. William and Martha Sears have successfully (officially at last) included Bowlby’s concept of emotional attachment (bonding) into practical parenting, and are making a huge impact in spreading these concepts and cognitions into the society through their books. Dr. Gordon Neufeld gives one original and contemporary approach of understanding the children and a vision of one complete parenting.
Dr. Joseph Chilton Pearce is opening new dimensions in understanding the early development.
Understanding the relationship between partners
The work by Dr. Mary Main, Dr. Kim Bartholomew and by Dr. Leonard Horowitz on the subject of secure and insecure emotional attachment of a child enables the recognition and description of the attachment styles as adults, as even the roots to problematic behavior in loving relationships.
These insights have enabled the development of psychotherapeutic directions for work with couples, which do have the understanding to the real roots of miss understanding between partners as of the emotional pain. Dr. Harville Hendrix, by considering how our subconscious chooses a partner with tendency of harming the way the parents did, developed The Imago Therapy, while Sue Johnson, Phd developed The Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy (EFT) which by the nine steps process leads a couple to the recognition of mutually unsatisfied primary needs (attachment needs) and eventually, to emotional bonding.
Formation of Therapeutic Concepts for work with a Shock Trauma and Early Trauma
A remarkable aspect in understanding of a person has been reviled by the work of Dr. Wilhelm Reich and Dr. Alexander Lowen who among the pioneers started to bond a psyche to the body and opened a way for body oriented psychotherapy. A character’s defense concept and somatized emotional armor gives a completely new way of thinking about the consequences of early emotionally harmful experiences and opens the way to a new psychotherapeutic approach of the work with body.
Dr. John Pierrakos by joining Dr. Alexander Lowen cofounded International Institute for Bioenergetic Analysis, while together with his wife Eva Pierrakos developed a new therapeutic concept the Core Energetics, which puts the body at the center of psychotherapy.
Opposed to classic talk therapies or even analytic psychotherapies, body oriented psychotherapies work on deeper levels of the brain, on autonomic nervous system, on the somatized consequences of harmful experiences and by triggering the blocked or suppressed emotions enables the essential change in nervous, energetic and physiological system of a person, changes her inner emotional state and consequently enables the change in the of way of thinking and the way of confronting her problem.Peter Levine, Phd is giving an enormous contribution to solving a trauma by founding a Somatic Experiencing approach in therapy. David Berceli, Phd recognizes the importance of the tremor in solving a trauma and develops the Tension stress trauma release (TRE).
Janina Fisher, Phd and Pat Ogden, Phd continue to develop this area through the Sensory motor psychotherapy Institute in order to resolve the consequences of traumatic stress and insecure attachment.
Ron Kurtz with Hakomi method at the Hakomi Institute develops yet another valuable approach regarding the deep inner personal transformation.
Jaak Panksepp, Phd through his work with animals gave us the understanding of the primal emotions and affective neuroscience that guide our behavior, and indicated how the disturbance in their processing stands in the basis of the psychic and somatic health deviations.
Formation of energetic therapeutic approaches
The most comprehensive contribution in understanding how human energy fields operate as to the consequences of a trauma or harmful experiences on the energy fields of a body gave Barbara Ann Brennan and Anodea Judith, each of them by describing the character defenses concept through changes in the energy centers and energy fields, giving a new perspective that includes the energy therapy into the work with an early trauma.
Surprising is the fact how the bioenergetics is complementary to the neuroscience cognitions as even to body oriented psychotherapeutic movements, and how the integration of these approaches gives a more comprehensive insight how humans operate, the understanding of the consequences of harmful experiences as even of their releasing.
The interesting fact lies in how today the majority of cognitions about the necessary conditions of one complete early development (parenting) as of removing the consequences of an inadequate early development (psychotherapy) are coming precisely from the field of neuroscience. On the grounds of the eminent contemporary scientists’ work who have the possibility to integrate different scientific aspects, in past ten years a new science of interpersonal neurobiology (IPNB) was born which is well understood by those who operate in the field of early development as in the field of body oriented psychotherapeutic movements.
Today, on the subject of interpersonal neurobiology talk many prominent scientists of whom the most famous one is Daniel Siegel, Phd the founder of IPNB. His contribution to the formation and popularization of these important cognitions is immeasurable.
Allan Schore, Phd upgrades the attachment theory and sets a concept to regulation theory as also brilliantly integrates neuroscience into developmental approaches. Their work represents the core of all the Centers programs.
About the Early Developmental Trauma
Bessel van der Kolk, Phd together with associates has compiled the historical Proposal to include a developmental disorder diagnosis for children and adolescents in DSM5 and by this opened the route for the official acknowledgement and understanding of the interpersonal trauma’s influence on the brain development.
Bruce Perry, Phd with his work at the Child Trauma Academy continues to deepen and widen the perception of the harmful experiences influence on the brain biology as onto a child’s behavior, better yet, an adult person of tomorrow.
About the influence of an early trauma on the lifelong health
Dr. Vincent Felitti and Dr. Robert Anda by developing the Adverse Child Experience (ACE) study, for the first time are showing the clear and exact consequences of early harmful experiences on physical and psychic health in adults as even onto the life expectancy on more than 17,000 examinees.
Dr. Gabor Mate with his books and his work contributes the expansion of cognitions related to early harmful experiences and their relation to diseases in adulthood like carcinoma, arthritis, cardiovascular diseases…as even indicates the actual roots of addictions.
Dr. J. Schonkoff and other scientists at the Harvard’s Center on the Developing Child are slowly shifting a standard in parenting, medicine, psychotherapy…and are clearly and indisputably showing the need for a society to make supportive efforts for parenting and early development in order to prevent a large number of diseases and health issues through life indicating the early trauma as the roots of the psychological and even somatic problems in adulthood.
C.G. Jung started to revile the transpersonal level of understanding a person, the subconscious, the collective conscious as even the perception of spiritual experiences, while the work of Dr. Stanislav Grof has provided us an insight and certain understanding of a person’s dimension deeper than the ego itself.
The theoretical basis which enables the integration of all these activities, concepts and ways of understanding a person gave us Ken Wilber who elaborated the Spiral dynamics of conscious by Dr. Clare W. Graves and his students Dr. Don E. Beck and Dr. Christopher J. Cowan. Wilber’s Integral theory represents the basis of understanding a person at our school and allows us to see the truth in every concept or approach regardless of their differences and mutual disapproval. Through counseling and by combining them we get a complete picture of a person, the causes, as even ways to solve problems.