Scientists and authors

Our work regarding the personal development and education for future body oriented psychotherapists relies on the integrative approach respective to a person and aims to include as more contemporary concepts which offer a thorough insight at a person and her problems, with a scope to integrate those that are providing a solution to referring problems. Programs Parenting and Early Development, Personal Development and Training for a therapist, have been developed by integration of the cognition and work of many eminent scientists and authors that will be noted later in this chapter. In our work we truly nourish the Avant-garde approach towards the understanding of a person by connecting the mind with the body through emotions as even the decisive influence of the emotional relationships quality onto the neurological as even the energetic structure of a person. The influence of the interpersonal relationships quality onto a person’s inner state, her physiology as even neurological and energetic structures, we observe in a child’s relationship with its caretakers, as even later in partners relationship or even in the individual work of a therapist with a client.

How deep we can get into our inner world of emotions and subconscious patterns through body oriented approaches, and release our inner issues among others, by triggering blocked emotions, in order to finally form one mature and complete ego, that’s how strongly we can attach with the spiritual aspect and start to live a more fulfilled life connected to something even bigger than our ego is. To this end we have developed our programs which represent a fusion of noted scientists and authors work, and who basically talk about the same subject of perceiving a person just from a different point of view.

The scientists and authors on whose work we developed our programs

Understanding the early development

The importance of the first years experiences in a child’s life among the first in its work, especially the traumatic ones, has been yet identified by Sigmund Freud, Joseph Breuer, Pierre Janet, but as even then as for a long time after the society hasn’t been yet prepared to accept the fact how the early trauma (especially sexual abuse) represents the most common cause of psychological problems for women, in those days so called hysteria.

Dr. Jean Piaget has opened the door for understanding a child’s development, especially the cognitive one. The importance of emotional experiences with the caretakers in the first years of a child’s life has been recognized yet at the time by Dr. Otto Rank, who founded a concept of the objective relations, while Dr. Melanie KleinDr. R.  Fairbairn continued to develop this important concept. Dr. Konrad Lorenz has recognized the instinctive urge for emotional bonding by animals with their caretakers, while Harry Harlow, Phd with his historically important experiments has reviled the consequences of the missing motherly presence as for the children as even for the young monkeys. His associate, Dr. James W. Prescott has continued their work by developing the concept of violent roots in humans.

The Attachment Theory by Dr. John Bowlby in the mid ’50-es finally sets a coherent theoretical base for perceiving and understanding the importance of a child’s quality relations with the caretakers (primarily the mother) for its lifelong behavior. The work of Donald Winnicott thoroughly identifies the natural mother-infant bond, Dr. Marie Ainsworth who developed Strange situation experiment in order to recognize the type of attachment, as even the work of predecessors like Dr. Margaret Mahler who founded the concept of symbiotic and separation developmental phases, Dr. Daniel Stern who recognizes the fusion of psychoanalysis with the new formational models in understanding of the early development, while P. Fonagy and others have started to develop a true picture of a person and the conditions for one complete formation in the early developmental period.

Dr. William and Martha Sears have successfully (officially at last) included Bowlby’s concept of emotional attachment (bonding) into practical parenting, and are making a huge impact in spreading these concepts and cognitions into the society through their books. Dr. Gordon Neufeld gives one original and contemporary approach of understanding the children and a vision of one complete parenting.

Dr. Joseph Chilton Pearce is opening new dimensions in understanding the early development.

Understanding the relationship between partners

The work by Dr. Mary Main, Dr. Kim Bartholomew and by Dr. Leonard Horowitz on the subject of secure and insecure emotional attachment of a child enables the recognition and description of the attachment styles as adults, as even the roots to problematic behavior in loving relationships.

These insights have enabled the development of psychotherapeutic directions for work with couples, which do have the understanding to the real roots of miss understanding between partners as of the emotional pain. Dr. Harville Hendrix, by considering how our subconscious chooses a partner with tendency of harming the way the parents did, developed The Imago Therapy, while Sue Johnson, Phd developed The Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy (EFT) which by the nine steps process leads a couple to the recognition of mutually unsatisfied primary needs (attachment needs) and eventually, to emotional bonding.

Formation of Therapeutic Concepts for work with a Shock Trauma and Early Trauma

A remarkable aspect in understanding of a person has been reviled by the work of Dr. Wilhelm Reich and Dr. Alexander Lowen who among the pioneers started to bond a psyche to the body and opened a way for body oriented psychotherapy. A character’s defense concept and somatized emotional armor gives a completely new way of thinking about the consequences of early emotionally harmful experiences and opens the way to a new psychotherapeutic approach of the work with body.

Dr. John Pierrakos by joining Dr. Alexander Lowen cofounded International Institute for Bioenergetic Analysis, while together with his wife Eva Pierrakos developed a new therapeutic concept the Core Energetics, which puts the body at the center of psychotherapy.

Opposed to classic talk therapies or even analytic psychotherapies, body oriented psychotherapies work on deeper levels of the brain, on autonomic nervous system, on the somatized consequences of harmful experiences and by triggering the blocked or suppressed emotions enables the essential change in nervous, energetic and physiological system of a person, changes her inner emotional state and consequently enables the change in the of way of thinking and the way of confronting her problem.Peter Levine, Phd is giving an enormous contribution to solving a trauma by founding a Somatic Experiencing approach in therapy. David Berceli, Phd recognizes the importance of the tremor in solving a trauma and  develops the Tension stress trauma release (TRE).

Janina Fisher, Phd and Pat Ogden, Phd continue to develop this area through the Sensory motor psychotherapy Institute in order to resolve the consequences of traumatic stress and insecure attachment.

Ron Kurtz with Hakomi method at the Hakomi Institute develops yet another valuable approach regarding the deep inner personal transformation.

Jaak Panksepp, Phd through his work with animals gave us the understanding of the primal emotions and affective neuroscience that guide our behavior, and indicated how the disturbance in their processing stands in the basis of the psychic and somatic health deviations.

Formation of energetic therapeutic approaches

The most comprehensive contribution in understanding how human energy fields operate as to the consequences of a trauma or harmful experiences on the energy fields of a body gave Barbara Ann Brennan and Anodea Judith, each of them by describing the character defenses concept through changes in the energy centers and energy fields, giving a new perspective that includes the energy therapy into the work with an early trauma.

Surprising is the fact how the bioenergetics is complementary to the neuroscience cognitions as even to body oriented psychotherapeutic movements, and how the integration of these approaches gives a more comprehensive insight how humans operate, the understanding of the consequences of harmful experiences as even of their releasing.

Interpersonal neurobiology

The interesting fact lies in how today the majority of cognitions about the necessary conditions of one complete early development (parenting) as of removing the consequences of an inadequate early development (psychotherapy) are coming precisely from the field of neuroscience. On the grounds of the eminent contemporary scientists’ work who have the possibility to integrate different scientific aspects, in past ten years a new science of interpersonal neurobiology (IPNB) was born which is well understood by those who operate in the field of early development as in the field of body oriented psychotherapeutic movements.

Today, on the subject of interpersonal neurobiology talk many prominent scientists of whom the most famous one is Daniel Siegel, Phd the founder of IPNB. His contribution to the formation and popularization of these important cognitions is immeasurable.

Allan Schore, Phd upgrades the attachment theory and sets a concept to regulation theory as also brilliantly integrates neuroscience into developmental approaches. Their work represents the core of all the Centers programs.

About the Early Developmental Trauma

Bessel van der Kolk, Phd together with associates has compiled the historical Proposal to include a developmental disorder diagnosis for children and adolescents in DSM5 and by this opened the route for the official acknowledgement and understanding of the interpersonal trauma’s influence on the brain development.

Bruce Perry, Phd with his work at the Child Trauma Academy continues to deepen and widen the perception of the harmful experiences influence on the brain biology as onto a child’s behavior, better yet, an adult person of tomorrow.

About the influence of an early trauma on the lifelong health

Dr. Vincent Felitti and Dr. Robert Anda by developing the Adverse Child Experience (ACE) study, for the first time are showing the clear and exact consequences of early harmful experiences on physical and psychic health in adults as even onto the life expectancy on more than 17,000 examinees.

Dr. Gabor Mate with his books and his work contributes the expansion of cognitions related to early harmful experiences and their relation to diseases in adulthood like carcinoma, arthritis, cardiovascular diseases…as even indicates the actual roots of addictions.

Dr. J. Schonkoff and other scientists at the Harvard’s Center on the Developing Child are slowly shifting a standard in parenting, medicine, psychotherapy…and are clearly and indisputably showing the need for a society to make supportive efforts for parenting and early development in order to prevent a large number of diseases and health issues through life indicating the early trauma as the roots of the psychological and even somatic problems in adulthood.

Transpersonal level

C.G. Jung started to revile the transpersonal level of understanding a person, the subconscious, the collective conscious as even the perception of spiritual experiences, while the work of Dr. Stanislav Grof has provided us an insight and certain understanding of a person’s dimension deeper than the ego itself.

The theoretical basis which enables the integration of all these activities, concepts and ways of understanding a person gave us Ken Wilber who elaborated the Spiral dynamics of conscious by Dr. Clare W. Graves and his students Dr. Don E. Beck and Dr. Christopher J. Cowan. Wilber’s Integral theory represents the basis of understanding a person at our school and allows us to see the truth in every concept or approach regardless of their differences and mutual disapproval. Through counseling and by combining them we get a complete picture of a person, the causes, as even ways to solve problems.

Allan N. Schore

Allan Schore

Allan N. Schore is a leading researcher in the field of neuropsychology, whose contributions have influenced the fields of affective neuroscience, neuropsychiatry, trauma theory, developmental psychology, attachment theory, pediatrics, infant mental health, psychoanalysis, psychotherapy, and behavioral biology.

Schore is on the clinical faculty of the Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine, and at the UCLA Center for Culture, Brain, and Development. He is author of the seminal volume Affect Regulation and the Origin of the Self, now in its 11th printing, and two recent books Affect Dysregulation and Disorders of the Self and Affect Regulation and the Repair of the Self, as well as numerous articles and chapters.Saznajte više

Schore is Editor of the acclaimed Norton Series on Interpersonal Neurobiology, and a reviewer or on the editorial staff of 27 journals.

Schore’s activities as a clinician-scientist span from his theoretical work on the enduring effect of early trauma on brain development, to neuroimaging research on the neurobiology of attachment and studies of borderline personality disorder, to his biological studies of relational trauma in wild elephants, and to his practice of psychotherapy over the last 4 decades. He leads Study Groups in Developmental Affective Neuroscience & Clinical Practice in Los Angeles, Berkeley, Portland, Seattle, Boulder, Austin and Albuquerque; lectures internationally; and is a member of the Commission on Children at Risk for the Report on Children and Civil Society, “Hardwired to Connect”.

http://www.allanschore.com/

Daniel Siegel

D. Siegel

Siegel completed his medical degree from Harvard Medical School and his post-graduate medical education at UCLA. His training is in pediatrics and child, adolescent and adult psychiatry. Siegel was the recipient of the UCLA psychiatry department’s teaching award and several honorary fellowships for his work as director of UCLA’s training program in child psychiatry and the Infant and Preschool Service at UCLA. He is a Distinguished Fellow of the American Psychiatric Association and is the Executive Director of the Mindsight Institute.

Siegel is the author of several books on parenting and child development including The Mindful Brain: Reflection and Attunement in the Cultivation of Well-Being published by WW Norton in 2007 The Developing Mind: Toward a Neurobiology of Interpersonal Experience published by the Guilford Press in 1999 and Parenting from the Inside Out, which he co-wrote with Mary Hartzell in 2003 and was published by Tarcher.Saznajte više

Siegel is known as a mindfulness expert and for his work developing the field of Interpersonal Neurobiology, which is an interdisciplinary view of life experience that draws on over a dozen branches of science to create a framework for understanding of our subjective and interpersonal lives.

Siegel’s most recent work integrates the theories of Interpersonal Neurobiology with the theories of Mindfulness Practice and proposes that mindfulness practice is a highly developed process of both inter and intra personal attunement.

http://drdansiegel.com/

Bessel van der Kolk

Bassel van der Kolk

Bessel van der Kolk is a Dutch psychiatrist noted for his research in the area of post-traumatic stress since the 1970s. His work focuses on the interaction of attachment, neurobiology, and developmental aspects of trauma’s effects on people. His major publication, Traumatic Stress: The Effects of Overwhelming Experience on Mind, Body, and Society, talks about how the role of trauma in psychiatric illness has changed over the past 20 years.Saznajte više

Van der Kolk has published extensively on the effect trauma can have on development. He has found connections to dissociative problems, borderline personality disorder, self-mutilation, and a wide range of other issues.[1]

He was a co-principal investigator in the PTSD field trials for the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).[1]

Currently, he is researching how trauma can affect memory. He is also working on brain imaging studies with PTSD patients. He is also researching how yoga and neurofeedback can be used as alternative treatments for trauma.[2]

He has served as president of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, medical director of the Trauma Center at JRI in Brookline, Massachusetts, and professor of psychiatry at Boston University School of Medicine.[1]

http://www.traumacenter.org/about/about_bessel.php

Jaak Panksep

Panksepp Jaak

Jaak Panksepp (born June 5, 1943 in Tartu) is an Estonian-born American psychologist, a psychobiologist, a neuroscientist, the Baily Endowed Chair of Animal Well-Being Science for the Department of Veterinary and Comparative Anatomy, Pharmacology, and Physiology at Washington State University’s College of Veterinary Medicine, and Emeritus Professor of the Department of Psychology at Bowling Green State University. Panksepp coined the term ‘affective neuroscience’, the name for the field that studies the neural mechanisms of emotion. He is known in the popular press for his research on laughter in non-human animals.
His present research is devoted to the analysis of the neuroanatomical and neurochemical mechanisms of emotional behaviors (in the emerging fields of affective and social neurosciences), with a focus on understanding how various affective processes are evolutionarily organized in the brain, and looking for linkages to psychiatric disorders and drug addiction.

Barbara Ann Brennan

B. Brennan

Brennan received a Bachelor of Science degree in Physics in 1962 from the University of Wisconsin–Madison, and two years later received her Masters in Atmospheric Physics from the same institution. From 1970, she participated in courses at a number of uncredited institutions, offering courses in the “human energy field”. She completed a two–year program in Therapeutic Counselling at the Community of the Whole Person in Washington, D.C., followed by a three-year program in Core Energetics at the Institute for Core Energetics in New York City in 1978 and a five-year program in Spiritual Healership at the Phoenicia Pathwork Center in Phoenicia, New York in 1979. She was strongly influenced by Eva and John Pierrakos, who founded a system for self-transformation called the Pathwork, drawing on the ideas of Wilhelm Reich and Alexander Lowen. Brennan worked with the Pierrakos, and became a Pathwork Helper and Core Energetics therapist. Brennan also took seminars with and was influenced by Rev. Rosalyn L. Bruyere. She developed her own private healing practice in 1977 and then established a training programme to teach others.Brennan has a PhD in philosophy from Greenwich University in Australia and DTh in theology from Holos University, both earned in 2001.

Anodea Judith

Judith Anodea

Anodea Judith (born Judith Ann Mull, December 1, 1952, Elyria, Ohio) is an American author, therapist, and public speaker on the chakra system, bodymind (body/mind integration), somatic therapy, and yoga. Judith is the author of Wheels of Life: A User’s Guide to the Chakra System. Judith’s academic background includes a Master’s degree in clinical psychology from Rosebridge Graduate School of Integrative Therapy and a doctorate in Health and Human Services (focused on mind-body health) from Columbia Pacific University (an unaccredited, though state-certified, nontraditional distance learning school in California). Judith’s studies in healing have included bioenergetics, psychology, psychotherapy, mythology, sociology, history, systems theory, and mystic spirituality. She is also an authority on chakras and yoga and somatic therapy

Bruce D. Perry

Dr Bruce Perry

Bruce D. Perry, M.D., Ph.D. is an American psychiatrist, currently the Senior Fellow of the ChildTrauma Academy in Houston, Texas and an Adjunct Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago, Illinois. A clinician and researcher in children’s mental health and the neurosciences, from 1993-2001 he was the Thomas S. Trammell Research Professor of Psychiatry at Baylor College of Medicine and Chief of Psychiatry at Texas Children’s Hospital. He also serves as Senior Consultant to the Alberta Minister of Children and Youth Services in Alberta, Canada. Dr, Perry is also a Senior Fellow at the Berry Street Childhood Institute in Melbourne, Australia.

Vincent Felitty

V. Felitti

Dr. Vincent Felitty  –  Clinical Professor of Medicine; Faculty of Department of Medicine, UCSD, 1982 – present
Founder and Chief, Department of Preventive Medicine, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, San Diego, CA 1975-2001
General Director, The Southern California Permanente Medical Group (Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program), 1974-1977, 1980-1985
Captain and Post Surgeon, U.S. Army Medical Corps, Pine Bluff Arsenal, 1963-1965

The Adverse Childhood Experiences Study (ACE Study) is a research study conducted by Kaiser Permanente health maintenance organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).[1] Participants were recruited to the study between 1995 and 1997 and have been in long-term follow up for health outcomes. The study has demonstrated an association of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) with health and social problems as an adult. The study has been analyzed extensively, is frequently cited as a notable landmark in epidemiological research, and has produced more than 50 scientific articles and more than 100 conference and workshop presentations that look at the prevalence and consequences of ACEs.

Harry Harlow

Harry Harlow

Harry Frederick Harlow (October 31, 1905 – December 6, 1981) was an American psychologist best known for his maternal-separation, dependency needs, and social isolation experiments on rhesus monkeys, which manifested the importance of caregiving and companionship in social and cognitive development. He conducted most of his research at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, where humanistic psychologist Abraham Maslow worked with him for a short period of time.

Harlow’s experiments were controversial; they included cultivating infant monkeys in isolation chambers for up to 24 months, from which they emerged intensely disturbed. Some researchers cite the experiments as a factor in the rise of the animal liberation movement in the United States. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Harlow as the 26th most cited psychologist of the 20th century.

Harville Hendrix

H. Hendrix

Harville Hendrix, Ph.D., (born 1935) is an author of relationship self-help books and with his wife Helen LaKelly Hunt is the creator of Imago Relationship Therapy.

Hendrix is best known for his book Getting the Love You Want, a New York Times best-seller, which gained popularity after Hendrix appeared on The Oprah Winfrey Show. He has a Ph.D. in psychology and religion from the Divinity School at the University of Chicago With his wife, he founded the nonprofit organization Imago Relationships International, which trains therapists in Imago Therapy.

Jack P. Shonkoff

Jack Shonkoff _MD

Jack P. Shonkoff, M.D., is the Julius B. Richmond FAMRI Professor of Child Health and Development at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and Harvard Graduate School of Education; Professor of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School and Boston Children’s Hospital; and Director of the university-wide Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University. He currently serves as chair of the National Scientific Council on the Developing Child, a multi-university collaboration comprising leading scholars in neuroscience, psychology, pediatrics, and economics, whose mission is to bring credible science to bear on public policy affecting young children. In 2011, he launched Frontiers of Innovation, a multi-sectoral collaboration among researchers, practitioners, policymakers, investors, and experts in systems change who are committed to achieving breakthrough outcomes for young children facing adversity.
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Dr. Shonkoff has received multiple professional honors, including elected membership to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences, the C. Anderson Aldrich Award in Child Development from the American Academy of Pediatrics, and the Distinguished Contributions to Social Policy Award from the Society for Research in Child Development. Under the auspices of the National Academy of Sciences, he served as Chair of the Board on Children, Youth, and Families and chaired a blue-ribbon committee that produced the landmark report, From Neurons to Neighborhoods: The Science of Early Childhood Development. He has been a visiting professor or delivered named lectureships at more than 30 universities in the United States and around the world, and he has authored more than 150 publications, including nine books and monographs.

Janina Fisher

Janina Fisher

Janina Fisher, PhD is a licensed Clinical Psychologist and Instructor at the Trauma Center, an outpatient clinic and research center founded by Bessel van der Kolk. Known for her expertise as both a therapist and consultant, she is also past president of the New England Society for the Treatment of Trauma and Dissociation, an EMDR International Association Credit Provider, a faculty member of the Sensorimotor Psychotherapy Institute, and a former Instructor, Harvard Medical School.

Dr. Janina Fisher has been an invited speaker at the Cape Cod Institute, Harvard Medical School Conference Series, the EMDR International Association Annual Conference, University of Wisconsin, University of Westminster in London, the Psychotraumatology Institute of Europe, and the Esalen Institute. Dr. Fisher lectures and teaches nationally and internationally on topics related to the integration of research and treatment and how to introduce these newer trauma treatment paradigms in traditional therapeutic approaches.

John Bowlby

John Bowlby

Edward John Mostyn Bowlby was a British psychologist, psychiatrist, and psychoanalyst, notable for his interest in child development and for his pioneering work in attachment theory. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Bowlby as the 49th most cited psychologist of the 20th century.

In his 1988 work A Secure Base, Bowlby explained that the data were not, at the time of the publication of Maternal Care and Mental Health, “accommodated by any theory then current and in the brief time of my employment by the World Health Organization there was no possibility of developing a new one”. He then went on to describe the subsequent development of attachment theory. Because he was dissatisfied with traditional theories, Bowlby sought new understanding from such fields as evolutionary biology, ethology, developmental psychology, cognitive science and control systems theory and drew upon them to formulate the innovative proposition that the mechanisms underlying an infants tie emerged as a result of evolutionary pressure. Bowlby realised that he had to develop a new theory of motivation and behaviour control, built on up-to-date science rather than the outdated psychic energy model espoused by Freud. Bowlby expressed himself as having made good the “deficiencies of the data and the lack of theory to link alleged cause and effect” in Maternal Care and Mental Health in his later work Attachment and Loss published in 1969.

Ken Wilber

Ken-Wilber

Kenneth EarlKenWilber (born January 31, 1949) is an American writer, philosopher, and public speaker. He has written and lectured about philosophy, sociology, ecology, developmental psychology, spirituality, and mysticism. His work formulates what he calls Integral Theory. In 1998 he founded the Integral Institute.

Ken Wilber’s AQAL, pronounced “ah-qwul”, is the basic framework of Integral Theory. It suggests that all human knowledge and experience can be placed in a four-quadrant grid, along the axes of “interior-exterior” and “individual-collective”. According to Wilber, it is one of the most comprehensive approaches to reality, a metatheory that attempts to explain how academic disciplines and every form of knowledge and experience fit together coherently.[12]
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AQAL is based on four fundamental concepts and a rest-category: four quadrants, several levels and lines of development, several states of consciousness, and “types”, topics which don’t fit into these four concepts.[13] “Levels” are the stages of development, from pre-personal through personal to transpersonal.”Lines” are lines of development, the several domains of development, which may process uneven, with several stages of development in place at the various domains. [note 1] “States” are states of consciousness; according to Wilber persons may have a terminal experience of a higher developmental stage. [note 2] “Types” is a rest-category, for phenomena which don’t fit in the other four concepts.[14] In order for an account of the Kosmos to be complete, Wilber believes that it must include each of these five categories. For Wilber, only such an account can be accurately called “integral”. In the essay, “Excerpt C: The Ways We Are in This Together”, Wilber describes AQAL as “one suggested architecture of the Kosmos”.[15]

The model is topped with formless awareness, “the simple feeling of being,” which is equated with a range of “ultimates” from a variety of eastern traditions. This formless awareness transcends the phenomenal world, which is ultimately only an appearance of some transcendental reality. According to Wilber, the AQAL categories — quadrants, lines, levels, states, and types – describe the relative truth of the two truths doctrine of Buddhism. According to Wilber, none of them are true in an absolute sense: only formless awareness, “the simple feeling of being”, exists absolutely.

Pat Ogden

Ogden Pat

Pat Ogden is a contemporary psychotherapist who developed an approach to therapy called sensorimotor psychotherapy.

Pat Ogden founded the Sensorimotor Psychotherapy Institute, located in Boulder, Colorado. She is the director of the institute, which focuses on educating and training clinicians in sensorimotor therapy techniques used to address developmental, attachment, and trauma issues. Her 2006 book, Trauma and the Body: A Sensorimotor Approach to Psychotherapy, outlines her approach.

Ogden works as a trainer, consultant, and clinician, applying her psychotherapeutic and somatic techniques to various groups of people, including prisoners, trauma victims, and psychiatric patients. Ogden is also the co-founder of the Hakomi Institute with Ron Kurtz.Saznajte više

Ogden developed sensorimotor psychotherapy in the 1970s as she began integrating elements of somatic therapy and psychotherapy in an effort to help her clients address their symptoms. Sensorimotor psychotherapy is a form of somatic psychotherapy that is influenced by neuroscience, cognitive and somatic approaches, attachment theory, and the Hakomi Method. Hakomi is a type of therapy that focuses on the connections between the body and mind through encouraging meditation and mindfulness.

Sensorimotor therapy helps clients uncover unconscious behaviors and habits—both physical and psychological. These habits and behaviors inform a person’s experiences, good and bad. By focusing on mindfulness and becoming fully aware of both the physical and psychological sensations and responses to emotions, a client learns how to change maladaptive responses. Uncovering unconscious behaviors allows a client to understand and change those behaviors. Sensorimotor psychotherapy has shown promise in helping individuals transform emotions and attitudes resulting from trauma.

Susan Johnson

Sue Johnson

Dr. Susan “Sue” Johnson graduated from the University of British Columbia in 1984 with a Doctorate in Counseling Psychology. She reports in various sources that her interested in relationship science and couples therapy grew naturally out of being raised “in an English Pub.” Dr. Johnson describes a fascination with the dance of adult love she watched unfold around her in that pub (and elsewhere).

Sue Johnson is known for her innovative work in the field of psychology on bonding, attachment and adult romantic relationships. Dr. Johnson’s work emerged on the family therapy and psychology field at a time when most couple’s therapy approaches focused on one or more of the following: cognitive and behavioral interventions, improving communication skills, teaching negotiation skills, or applying psychoanalytic theory to the relationship. Dr. Johnson’s focus on emotions and emotional process was often met with disdain or dismissed as it ran contrary to dominant views of emotion as being problematic or unnecessary to address in couples therapy.
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She is the developer of Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT) and the founder of the International Centre for Excellence in Emotionally Focused Therapy (ICEEFT), a not for profit research and therapist training institute, where she also serves as Director. Johnson also heads the Ottawa Couple and Family Institute and is Professor Emeritus in Clinical Psychology at the University of Ottawa and Distinguished Research Professor at Alliant University in San Diego, California.

Dr. Johnson reports in the book, Hold Me Tight (2008), that she coded sessions with couples and sought feedback from them about what sessions were most useful and why. This work led to the observation that distress couples get caught in a negative interactional cycle fueled by unexpressed underlying emotions. Couples benefited from learning about this “negative cycle,” but required deeper emotional work with each other to experience “bonding events.” Out of this work, combined with her focus on emotions, led to the development of a 3 Stage Process of Change.

Stage One: De-Escalation of the Couple’s Negative Cycle

Stage Two: Re-Structuring the Couple’s Emotional Bond

Stage Three: Consolidation

To date, there are at least 27 outcome studies indicating that E.F.T. works. It has been recognized by the American Psychological Association as an empirically-validated approach for couples therapy.

Daniel N. Stern

D. Stern

Daniel N. Stern (August 16, 1934 – November 12, 2012) was a prominent American psychiatrist and psychoanalytic theorist, specializing in infant development, on which he had written a number of books — most notably The Interpersonal World of the Infant (1985). Stern’s 1985 and 1995 research and conceptualization created a bridge between psychoanalysis and research-based developmental models.

Stern was born in New York City. He went to Harvard University as an undergraduate, from 1952 to 1956. He then attended Albert Einstein College of Medicine, completing his M.D. in 1960. In 1961, Stern was member of the Freedom Riders, a group of black and white activists challenging racial segregation in the south by traveling together on bus rides.

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He continued his educational career doing research at the NIH in psychopharmacology from 1962–1964. In 1964, Stern decided to specialize in psychiatric care, completing his residency at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. In 1972 he started a psychoanalytic education at Columbia University Center for Psychoanalytic Training and Research. For more than 30 years, he worked in research and practice as well in developmental psychology and psychodynamic psychotherapy.

In his research he dedicated his time to the observation of infants and to clinical reconstruction of early experiences. His efforts continue to contribute to currently existing developmental theories.

He was well known as an expert researcher of early affective mother-child bonding. Research and discoveries on the field of affective bonding was one of his leading activities. Before his death, Stern was an honorary professor in Psychology at the University of Geneva, adjunct professor in the department of Psychiatry at the Cornell University Medical School and a lecturer at the Columbia University Center for Psychoanalytic Training and Research.[5]

He held Honorary Doctorates at the Universities of Copenhagen, Dk; Palermo, It; Mons Hainaut, Be; Alborg, Dk; Padua, It, Stockholm University. He died, aged 78, in Geneva, Switzerland, following a long illness, having actively contributed to the ongoing work of the Boston Process of Change Study Group only a few months prior.

Wilhelm Reich

W. Reich

Wilhelm Reich (24 March 1897 – 3 November 1957) was an Austrian psychoanalyst. Author of several influential books – most notably Character Analysis (1933), The Mass Psychology of Fascism (1933) and The Sexual Revolution (1936) – Reich became known as one of the most radical practitioners of psychiatry.

Reich’s idea of “muscular armour” – the expression of the personality in the way the body moves – influenced innovations such as body psychotherapy, Gestalt therapy, bioenergetic analysis and primal therapy. His writing influenced generations of intellectuals; he invented the phrase “the sexual revolution”. During the 1968 student uprisings in Paris and Berlin, students scrawled his name on walls and threw copies of The Mass Psychology of Fascism at police.Saznajte više

After graduating in medicine from the University of Vienna in 1922, Reich became deputy director of Freud’s outpatient clinic, the Vienna Ambulatorium. Described by Elizabeth Danto as a large man with a cantankerous style who managed to look scruffy and elegant at the same time, he tried to reconcile psychoanalysis with Marxism, arguing that neurosis originates with sexual and socio-economic conditions, and in particular in a lack of what he called “orgastic potency.” He visited patients in their homes to see how they lived, and had a mobile clinic; he promoted adolescent sexuality and the availability of contraceptives, abortion and divorce, a provocative teaching in Catholic Austria. He said he wanted to “attack the neurosis by its prevention rather than treatment.

From the 1930s, he became increasingly controversial; from 1932 until his death in 1957 all his work was self-published. His teaching of sexual liberation disturbed the psychoanalytic community and his political associates, and his vegetotherapy, in which he massaged his disrobed patients to dissolve their “muscular armour”, violated a major taboo of psychoanalysis. He relocated to New York in 1939, partly to escape the Nazis, and soon after arriving invented the term “orgone” – from “orgasm” and “organism” – for a biological energy he said he had discovered, which he said others called God. In 1940 he started building orgone accumulators, devices that his patients sat inside to harness the reputed health benefits, resulting in newspaper stories about sex boxes that cured cancer.

After two critical articles about him in the magazines The New Republic and Harper’s in 1947, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration obtained an injunction against the interstate shipment of orgone accumulators and associated literature, believing they were dealing with a “fraud of the first magnitude.”Charged with contempt in 1956 for having violated the injunction, Reich was sentenced to two years’ imprisonment, and that summer more than six tons of his publications were burned by order of the court. He died in prison of heart failure just over a year later, days before he was due to apply for parole.

Alexander Lowen

Alexander Lowen

Alexander Lowen (December 23, 1910 – October 28, 2008) was an American physician and psychotherapist. A student of Wilhelm Reich in the 1940s and early 1950s in New York, he developed bioenergetic analysis, a form of mind-body psychotherapy, with his then-colleague, John Pierrakos (February 8, 1921 – February 1, 2001). Lowen was the founder and former executive director of the International Institute for Bioenergetic Analysis in New York City.

Born in New York City, Lowen received a bachelor’s degree in science and business from City College of New York, an LL.B and a J.S.D (a doctorate in law) from Brooklyn Law School. His interest in the link between the mind and the body developed during this time. He enrolled in a class on character analysis with Wilhelm Reich. After training to be a therapist himself, Lowen moved to Switzerland to attend the University of Geneva.Saznajte više

Lowen lived and practiced for the majority of his life in New Canaan, Connecticut. He suffered a stroke in July 2006. The Alexander Lowen Foundation was founded in April 2007 to continue his legacy.[2] Lowen died on October 28, 2008 at the age of 97.

James W. Prescott

J. Prescot

James W. Prescott (born c. 1930) is an American developmental psychologist, whose research focused on the origins of violence, particularly as it relates to a lack of mother-child bonding.

Prescott was a health scientist administrator at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), one of the Institutes of the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) from 1966 to 1980. He created and directed the Developmental Behavioral Biology Program at the NICHD where he initiated NICHD-supported research programs to study the relationship between mother-child bonding and the development of social abilities in adult life. Inspired by Harry Harlow’s famous experiments on rhesus monkeys, which established a link between neurotic behavior and isolation from a care-giving mother, Prescott further proposed that a key component to development comes from the somesthetic processesSaznajte više

(body touch) and vestibular-cerebellar processes (body movement) induced by mother-child interactions, and that deprivation of this stimulation causes brain abnormalities. By analogy to the neurotic behavior in monkeys, he suggested that these developmental abnormalities are a major cause of adult violence amongst humans.

Prescott also served as assistant head of the Psychology Branch of the Office of Naval Research (1963 to 1966) and as president of the Maryland Psychological Association (1970 to 1971). In 1973 he was one of the signers of the Humanist Manifesto.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

BOOKS:

 

Alexander Lowen:

Bioenergetics: The revolutionary Therapy That Uses the Language of the Body to Heal the Problems of the Mind

The Voice of the Body

The Language of the body

Pleasure: A Creative Approach to Life

The Way to Vibrant Health

The Betrayal of the Body

Alice Miller:The Body Never LiesBanished Knowledge: Facing Childhood Injuries

Prisoner of Childhood:

The Drama of the Gifted Child and the Search for the True Self

Allan Schore:The Science of the Art of Psychotherapy
Affect Regulation and the Repair of the Self
Affect Dysregulation and Disorders of The Self
Anodea Judith:Eastern Body Western Mind
Antonio Damasio:Self Comes to Mind: Construction of the Conscious Brain
The Filing of What Happens: Body and Emotions in the Making Consciousness
Arthur Janov:Primal Scream
Barbara Ann Brennan:Hands of LifeLight Emerging
Bessel van der Kolk:The Body Keeps the Score: Brain,
Mind and Body in the Healing of Trauma
Bruce Lipton:The Biology of Belief
Bruce Perry:Born for Love
Candace Pert:Molecules of emotions Your Body is Your Subconscious Mind
Carl Jung:Man and His Symbols
Christiane Northrup:Mother Daughter Wisdom
D. W. Winnicott:The Child, the Family and the Outside World
Danah Zohar and Ian Marshall:SQ – Connecting With Our Spiritual Intelligence
Daniel Goleman:Emotional Intelligence
Daniel Siegel:The Neurobiology of WE: How Relationships, the Mind, and the Brain Interact to Shape Who We Are
Interpersonal Neurobiology

The Whole Brain Child

Brainstorm: The Power and Purpose of the Teenage Brain

Parenting From Inside Down

The Mindful Therapist

No Drama Discipline

Healing Trauma: Attachment, Mind, Body and BrainDaniel Stern:The Birth of a Mother The Interpersonal World of the infant
The Present moment in Psychotherapy and Everyday LifeDavid Berceli:The Revolutionary Trauma Release ProcessDavid Richo:How to Be an AdultDiane Fosha and Daniel Siegel:The Healing Power of EmotionDiane Poole Heller: Healing your Attachment WoundsEckhart Tolle:The Power of Now
The Journey into Self
A New Earth
Oneness with Whole LifeErnest Rossi:The Psychobiology of Gene ExpressionErwin Laszlo:What is RealityEugene T. Gendlin:FocusingGabor Mate:When The Body Says No
In the Realm of Hungry GhostsGordon Neufeld:Hold on to Your KidsHarville Hendrix:Keeping the Love You Find
Getting the Love You Want
Receiving LoveIain McGilchrist:The Master and his Emissary
The Divided Brain and the Search For MeaningJaak Panksepp:The archeology of the Mind: Neuroevolutionary Origins of Human EmotionJalieh Juliet Milani and Alessandra Shepard:Flexing Your SoulJames Prescot:The Origin of Love and Violence Sensory Deprivation and the Developing MindJanine Fischer:Healing the Fragmented Selves of Trauma SurvivorsJeffrey Schwartz:The mind and the BrainJim Ottaviani:Wire Mother: Harry Harlow and the Science of LoveJohn Bowlby:Attachment: Attachment and LossSeparation: Anxiety and Anger
Loss: Sadness and DepressionJohn Pierrakos: Core Energetics – Developing the capacity to Love And HealJoseph Chilton Pearce:Evolutions endJosephine Klein:Our Need for Others and Its Roots in InfancyKen Wilber:No Boundary: Eastern and Western Approaches to Personal Growth
Integral Psychology: Consciousness, Spirit, Psychology, Therapy
The Simple Feeling of BeingLaurence Heller:Healing Developmental TraumaLisbeth Marcher and Sonja Fich:Body EncyclopediaMargaret Mahler:The Psychological Birth of the Human
Infant Symbiosis and Individuation Separation-IndividuationMargaret Wilkinson:Coming into Mind: The MInd Brain Relationship: a Jungian PerspectiveMark Lindsay:Fascia: Clinical Application for Health and Human PerformanceMarshall Rosenberg:Nonviolent Communication
The Surprising Purpose of AngerMelanie Klein:Love Guilt and ReparationRene A. SpitzThe First Year of LifePat Ogden and Kekuni Minton:Trauma and the Body: A Sensorimotor Approach to PsychotherapyPeter Fonagy:Affect Regulation, Mentalization and the Development of the SelfPeter Levine:Waking the Tiger: Healing Trauma In an Unspoken Voices:How the body Releases Trauma and Restores Goodness
Healing Trauma: A Pioneering Program for Restoring the Wisdom of Your BodyRobert Scaer:The body Bears the Burden: Trauma, Dissociation and DiseaseSandy Hotchkiss:Why it is Always About You: The Seven Deadly Sins of NarcissismSheldon Kopp:Back to One: Practical Guide for the PsychotherapistsStanley Keleman:Emotional AnatomyStephen Porges:The Polyvagal Theory: Neuropsychological Foundations of emotions, Attachment, Communication and Self-regulationSteven Johnson:Character StilesSteven Kessler:The 5 Personality patternsSusan Forward:Toxic ParentsSusan Johnson:Hold Me Tight Becoming a Emotionally Focused Couple TherapistSusan Thesenga:The Undefended SelfThomas Lewis, Fari Amini, Richard Lannon:A General Theory of LoveVincent Felitti and Robert Anda:Documents about ACE StudyWilhelm Reich:The Function of The orgasmCharacter Analysis

William and Martha Sears:The Attachment Parenting Book The Baby Book

VIDEO LECTURES:

Robert Glazer P.h.D (The Florida Society for Bioenergetic Analysis):
Bioenergetic Body Reading,
Bioenergetic Body Armoring
Bioenergetic Therapy Techniques

Bessel van der Kolk:
Neurosciences and Trauma Therapy
Trauma and Attachment
Trauma, Memory and the Body
Developmental Trauma Disorder
The impact of Early Life Trauma
When Talk isn’t Enough

David B. Chamberlain:
Discovering the Mind of the Prenatal

Ogden, Siegel, Porges, Lanius, Levine, Van der Kolk, Schwartz:
NICABM: Program: Rethinking Trauma

Stephen Porges
A neural Love Code – The Body Needs to Engage and Bond

Pat Ogden, PhD; Ruth Lanius, MD, PhD; Ron Siegel, PsyD; Bill O’Hanlon, LMFT; and Joan Borysenko, PhD
NICABM Program: Treating Trauma

Janina Fisher:
Overcoming Trauma-Related Shame and Self Loathing
Shame and Self Loathing in the Treatment of Trauma

David Feinstein P.h.D. and Donna Eden:
Energy Medicine in the Treatment of Trauma

Gordon Neufeld:
Making sense of kids

Ken Wilber:
Big Mind
Integral Meditation
Body Workout
3-2-1 Process
AQAL Framework

Daniel Siegel:
Neural Integration and Psychotherapy
Clinical Implications of Neuroplasticity
Clinical Implications and Applications of the Adult Attachment Interview